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Economic Concerns of the 1930s
Education in the 1930s
Headlines of the 1930s
Political Concerns of the 1930s
Popular Entertainment of the 1930s
Science, Technology, Innovation of the 1930s
Status of African-Americans in the 1930s
Women of the 1930s
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Education in the 1930s
Jesse Mays Beth Buchanan
Not many people could read, but, most all that could read read the same books as their children. Claudia Reinhardt and Bill Ganzel asserted that, the Great Depression really had a hard impact on the school systems. Many districts couldn’t pay for their teachers because property taxes were taken from the value of farms, and the value of farms had plummeted. A young teacher that taught all grades at the same time led many schools, and the schools were called one-room grade schools. The harsh condition sometimes made it hard to teach or learn, and most people had to leave school in order to work on the farm, and they sometimes worked off the farm for extra money. Many children would ride a horse to school and then send it back by slapping its rump. After school they would walk back home, however far it was. Many kids decided to play hooky, or ditch school, but their parents would get really angry if they ever found out. The 1930’s literature began to be really popular for adults and children. The best series of books for learning how to read were the
Dick and Jane
books, which were introduced in the 1931.
And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street
was the first rhyming book by Dr. Seuss, and girls read the Nancy Drew mysteries. Wallace Stevens, Ogden Nash, Carl Sandburg, John Dos Passos, Raymond Chandler, Thornton Wilder, and Ernest Hemmingway were outstanding American fiction and poetry writers in the 1930’s. Dashiell Hammett’s detective stories and mysteries about Agatha Christie were really popular reading too. Richard Wright described the horrible racial discrimination in the South. Sinclair Lewis was the first American to win the Nobel Prize in literature. Teachers took care of everything at the schools; the cleaning, setting out water, heating, and even maintenance in addition to teaching. In the school students would walk up to the teacher, and everyone in the school house would hear the lesson (N. Pag.). Life was hard for all that were associated with the schools, but they made it through it.
John Dewey knew that things had to change. The only problem he encountered was how. “John Dewey” on thecatalyst.org asserts that, John Dewey lived from October 20, 1859 to June 1, 1952. He was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer, and he greatly changed the educational system in the United States and even around the world. Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont. He received a PhD from the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at John Hopkins University in 1884. Dewey wanted facts to be taught, not just told to students. He also thought that problem solving should be studied rather than just memorizing lessons (N. Pag.). John Dewey was trying to create educational reforms during the time. He mostly succeeded.
3rd hour-Thomas brown & Ricky Shriner
Homemade Merry Go Round
During the 1930's education was becoming harder and harder for people to obtain. According to "Going to School in Rural America" many farm children just quit school due to the lack of money and the necessity of helping out on their farm. Students that did attend school sat in large one room classrooms, and were taught by a single teacher. Children of all grade levels sat in the classrooms.(n.pag.) During the 1930's John Dewey helped to pioneer a new form of teaching, the "Dewey Decimal System". "John Dewey and informal education," states that Dewey believed that the education system should have students actively participating and working out probles wrather than just watching them be done for them. He also felt that this would help them to remember and gain experience. He also felt strongly about democracy and in the belierf of children obtaining the same education and same opportunities in life.(n.pag.)
picture of John Dewey is reproduced here on the understanding that it is in the public domain - Wikipedia Commons copyright expired
4th hour alyssa twombla and joe hill
john dewey was an important part of the education of the 1930s.according to the site edu search,john dewey went to the unniversity of vermont,he was exposed to the evolutionary theory.
he had a huge impact on all education of the 1930s.
the schools of the 1930s was not alot different from ours today.They had to go to school on saturday and had to walk to schoolo other than that its not much different.the kids had to work in the farms and on the fields
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5th Hour: Heagan, Kara, and Sydney According to The 1930s: Education: Overview, education during the 1930s was a diffcult thing. Since the Great Depression was going on, there was a low supply of money, and it was difficult for parents to pay for their kids to go to school with all their necessities. It was hard for the school districts to keep their schools up and running. They cut the teachers salaries and shortened the school terms due to the shortage. In the article"John Dewey and Informal Education" it tells us that John Dewey was a great contributor to education during this decade. He and Thomas Jefferson believed that education and government were closely tied. They felt that the school was the only thing that taught self-discipline which was greatly needed for a self-governing nation. Schools at this time were segregated. The whites believed that the African Americans were incapable of learning at a level as high as them. They were separated therfore to keep the white children from being slowed by the black children. There were very few schools for the blacks, and the very few that they had did not offer any graduation or professional programs. The article "Education in the 1920s and 1930s," it states that school at this was very strict because it was very important. Kids respected their teachers greatly, way different than it is today. Unlike how we go to school with mixed company(boys and girls), they went to either all boys schools if they were boys and all girl schools if they were girls. Lastly, most of the kids enjoyed the subjects of math and history, and once they finished school went straight to working. They did not have the luxury of going to a college of any sort(n.pag.).
6th Hour Emily Gower and Madison Alcorn:
John Dewey is a major factor in the 1930s.The article"John Dewey" says John Dewey was a famous man in the 1930s; he made the most significant contribution to the development of educational thinking. His philosophical pragmatism, he was concerned with interaction, reflection and experience. Also his interest in the community and democracy were brought together in an educative form. He was often associated with child-centered education which he wasn't. His work can be seen in UK schooling traditions.His work can be seen in other people's writers that have developed informal education in the same period.John Dewey's informal educators are in many areas."He belived education must be engaged and enlarge experience has to continued to be significant strand in informal education practice. He linked to this, exploration of thinking and reflection- and the associated role of educators- has continued to be aninspiration. Last, his passion for democracy, for educating so that all may share in a common life, provides a strong rationale for practice in the associational setting in which informal educators work."
According to the article title Expansion of Public, local institutions offering free library services to the public date back to the 1830s in the U.S.A guy named Wilson in 1938 used maps to compare the relationship between public library developments in the 1930s.Borden's essay in 1931 was a "harbinger of a mew phase in library historiography."He adduced many factors behind the rise of public libraries. The role of the federal government, the largest philanthropists, and the demand of educational activities, were some of the factors for more libraries.This was the cause of the rise in the middle and working class with more time for leisure and the capability of influencing public spending through suffrage. By the late 1930s one-sixth of libraries in cities had more than 30,000 people. They turned many of the private libraries public for this reason.The school district library was another important precursor to the public library."They were intended to make reading material for school children and adults. In 1835 New York passed the nation's first school district library law, permitting school districts to tax for the purpose of providing free library service to pupils and public. "
Joeckel said that creating libraries were too small to be workable community institutions. The school district libraries died out completely or solely a school library movement.School district libraries set precedents, establishing the legitimacy of taxation in support of free public library services,and linking libraries and public education in the mind of the public.
As of 1935, 70 percent of Oklahoma public libraries owed their existence to woman's clubs.Woman's organizations also founded the large majority of public libraries in Kansas,Virginia, Florida, and North Dakota; They were often driving forces behind soliciting funds from philanthropic sources such as Andrew Carnegie. In Iowa, the Iowa Federation of Woman's Clubs was a big help to pressing the state legislature for the establishment of state library commission to promote local library development and training.
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